pond plant

Water Snowflake (Nymphoides indicum variegata)

  • Hardiness: Zones 8 – 11
  • Height: 6″
  • Flower: White frilly flowers
  • Foliage: Small circular green or varigated pads float across the surface giving a look of miniature waterlilies
  • Comments:  A great surface marginal plant that spreads quickly

 

Water Clover (Marsilia Mutica)

  • Hardiness: Zones 6-11
  • Height: Leaves float on pond surface, spreads, and will grow in sun or shade
  • Flower: none
  • Foliage: Leaves resemble a four-leaf clover, and have reddish-brown stripes that splits the darker green on the top half of the leaflets and the lighter green of the lower half.
  • Comments: Plant 4 inches to 9 inches below the surface of the water. It also will grow in damp soil. It is cold hardy but will not survive in temperatures below 10 degrees celcius.
  •  If crowded, it sends up aerial growth in addition to surface growth

Pennywort (Hydrocotyl Umbellata)

  • Hardiness: 5-10
  • Height: 6” – 8”
  • Flower: none
  • Foliage: Trailing vine growth; rounded leaves suggestive of pennies. When iron is low, the leaves will turn yellow at the edges. Overall growth will be slower, and leaf size smaller when nutrients are lacking.
  • Comments: Grows well in shade ponds and in waterfalls.
  • Massive root system. Can be free floater.pennywort roots

Parrot feather (Myriophyllum Brasiliensis)

  • Hardiness: 5-11
  • Height: 6″ – 12″
  • Foliage: Small leaves in whorls; aerial foliage have a deeper blue-green color, red stems
  • Comments: Often used in aquariums as an oxygenator; submerged plant but will root and develop aerial foliage in shallow water;
  • obtains nutrients directly from water; soil planting not necessary
  • The larger variety Myriophyllum Aquaticum can become invasive and is being removed from many suppliers availability list.

Water poppy (Hydrocleys nymphoides)

  • Hardiness: Zones 9-11
  • Height: 2- 2.5″ on water surface
  • Flower: short-lived light yellow flowers with a red and brown center, borne in abundance; flowers stand above the water
  • Foliage: Thick, shiny dark green heart-shaped leaves; 2 to 4″ wide leaves on long, trailing stems
  • Comments: Will survive in water up to 12 to 15″ deep, but prefers shallow conditions (6″); prefers rich topsoil; overwinter indoors in shallow tub but keep moist and provide good light